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Educational System in Turkey

Some people decide to travel abroad and to settle down in another country to live a new experience as an expat trying to discover new cultures and ways of living or simply chasing interesting academic or professional chances.

As it's a very serious and crucial decision that might change all your future, some criteria should be thought carefully while evaluating the pros and cons of this subject. So one of the most important things to think about is the educational system in the country you are planning to settle down in, especially if you have children and you care about their future.

So if you are planning to settle down in Turkey, or you are trying to predefine some choices for your offspring's education abroad and you might take Turkey as an alternative, here are some useful information.

The educational system in Turkey is administrated by the Ministry of National Education. According to the constitution of the country, everyone has the right to education which is obligatory between 6 and 14 years old.

Education stages:

Pre-primary education: It's not compulsory and it's provided by public and private kindergartens, nurseries and daycare institutions between the ages of 3 to 6 years old.

Primary and secondary education: it's organized by "4, 4, 4" System which means that this stage is formed of 3 different levels of 4-year-duration each. A. Primary education: formed of two levels: The first school: which lasts 4 years from grade 1 to grade 4. And the Mid school which last also 4 years from 5th to 8th

The main subjects taught in these levels are math, Turkish, foreign languages and life science. Starting from 4th grade, life sciences are replaced by social sciences. At the end of these two levels, the student is holder of a primary education diploma.

B. Secondary education:

General secondary education:

This level lasts 4 years too from age 15 to 17 or 18 years old. Some schools might have an extra year of language study. Most of high schools belong to the state but there are also a lot of trustworthy private and international schools.

Vocational and technical secondary education:

This type of education prepares students for a specific profession or a specialized high education. It consists of technical education, religious education, health education, trade and tourism, special education and multi program education.

By finishing this level, students are asked to sit for secondary education graduation exam after what they are allowed to sit for University acceptance exam and apply then for a higher education institution in Turkey.

3. High education:

It's administrated by the higher education council in Turkey and established with the following qualifications:

Associative degree

Bachelor's degree: 4 to 6 years depending on the field.
Master's degree: 2 years of full-time studies.
Doctorate or PhD degree: from 3 to 5 years with a doctoral thesis at the end.
Proficiency in art degree: equivalent to a doctorate in art.
There are in Turkey a total of 166 Higher education institutions with 104 belonging to state and 62 private institutions.

Some of public universities provide an education in English, German or French however most of private universities offer an English education system with extra year for English study for those whose level in English is insufficient.

Private universities in Turkey are allowed to establish education since 1984.

International Students' admission

International students willing to continue their higher education in Turkey must have a secondary education equivalent to the Turkish secondary education's system and are allowed to enter Turkish higher education institutions through ALES and SAT exams.

They also have to sit for Turkish language test provided by Tomer, the language studies center of Ankara's University except for students who have finished their secondary education in Turkish high schools or studied in Universities with Turkish programs.

International students must also apply for a student visa in the nearest Turkish council or Embassy presenting the following documents:

Application form Acceptance letter in one of the Turkish higher education institutions A valid passport and a photo Procedure fees.
So after having an idea about the Education system in Turkey and decided maybe to come continue your academic cursus In Turkey, you should probably think about the next level of settling down as an expat which is a right property to live in.